CNN – Gambling online? You bet!

His equal partner is Australian tycoon Kerry Packer of the Crown Casino in Victoria. Attorney White has proceeded slowly and quietly. (The company’s Indian casino and Web-development divisions make more.) “This is the really exciting point, because I know where it goes from here,” Speer said in an interview. If, on the other hand, an activity is in the physical world – betting on horses, or casino betting with Indian tribes – it becomes subject to federal criminal sanction when it occurs in cyberspace. Passed during the term of crime-fighter Attorney General Robert Kennedy, the law was intended to outlaw betting over telephone lines.

Does the seeming invincibility of online gambling make it an enticing business? Jason Ader of Bear Stearns, urges caution. Justice believes that any legislation addressing criminal misuse of computers or computer systems (including the Internet) should have three vital characteristics.

Prosecutors focus on sports betting

Intriguingly, though, all the bets that make up the U.S.

But even if Congress comes up with the best-crafted legislation in history, there are significant factors beyond its control. Kyl introduced a revised version earlier this year, removing some of the more onerous and hard-to-enforce provisions. Would-be wagerers open an account with a credit card, although some sites also accept cash and cashier’s checks. Packer is a man with a voracious gambling appetite. “Federal legislation will make it difficult but not impossible for Internet gamblers in the U.S. “Ultimately, Internet gambling operators are selling a product. In 1998, the Senate passed, by a large margin, an amendment prohibiting Internet gambling, but that bill died before becoming law.

Although it uses a CryptoLogic template similar to several other online casinos, Kennyrogerscasino.com may be unique in letting bettors wager as little as a penny at a time. attorney’s office theoretically operate out of the Caribbean. Their case is based on the 1961 Wire Act. “Since there are no controls at present regarding Internet wagering, I would urge investors to shun these firms at present,” he says. But a hard-core base will continue to turn to Internet betting for its clear advantages.

Gambling is as at least as old as Christianity (that is, if Ben Hur can be trusted). “I use the service because it’s convenient and I have access to it when I want,” says one online gambler. But the travails associated with fending off lawsuits have essentially put the company out of business. But they say the more bettors, the better. attorney’s case involved the casinos’ sportsbooks. Together, these sites have about 4,300 registered customers in 96 countries around the world. Today, a roster on one “gambling portal” site lists well over 200. Aruba, for one, is refusing to extradite any indicted individuals to the U.S., and thus far the U.S. “We get daily reports, and you’ll see these people who spend a couple of hours gambling, and the total amount they bet is like $1.81,” says Thomas Holmes, Inland’s head of technology.

So how is it that these companies appear to operate legally, but a dozen Caribbean cowboys found themselves under felony indictment?

But over the last several months, at least some traditional casinos have pursued the time-honored strategy of joining an Internet gambling trend that they can’t beat. In a highly publicized March 1998 “raid,” Mary Jo White, the U.S. In the ’70s, Atlantic City legalized casino gambling; in the ensuing decades, state lotteries, Indian casinos, gaming ships, offtrack betting parlors and card clubs have sprouted across the landscape. attorney for the Southern District of New York, indicted 14 managers of six Internet companies for offering gambling on their sites. The Standard obtained a Department of Justice analysis of the bill S. Almost all online gambling sites work the same.

Finally, the DoJ believes that any federal law must recognize that the Internet is different from other communications media: It’s a multifaceted communications medium that allows for both point-to-point transmission between two parties (like the telephone), as well as the widespread dissemination of information to a vast audience (like a newspaper). At one point, Interactive Gaming looked like it could be an industry leader. For decades, Vegas was about the only legal option for gamblers.

Running an online casino carries all the usual challenges of Internet businesses, from low click-through rates to servers that fail. Legislators have considered enlisting Internet service providers to patrol for undesirable sites, although Internet gambling insiders consider that proposal dead on arrival. The vast majority of customers will satisfy their demand for commercial gambling through less onerous and risky alternatives, such as lotteries, bingo, pari-mutuels and casinos.” . Failure to account for that specificity in legislation could stifle the Internet’s growth or chill its use as a communications tool. 474, introduced into the Senate by Arizona’s John Kyl in 1997 as the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act. “And it is possible that records could be subpoenaed of various banks where these companies maintain accounts.”

All the sites indicted by the U.S. (The company did not respond to repeated requests for an interview.)

Group calls for regulation of Net gambling

For years, another barrier to the growth of Internet gambling has been strong opposition from those most threatened by gambling sites: legal American casinos. If an activity is prohibited in the physical world but not on the Internet, the Internet becomes a safe haven for that criminal activity. The defendants, many of whom live abroad, were threatened with up to five years in prison and $250,000 fines. The minimum amount to begin an account varies. They almost always include slots, blackjack and video poker, but many sites carry more exotic games, from baccarat to pai gow.

Nonetheless, some experts think the case could be made to stick. Even the firms that have enjoyed some stock-price popularity – such as Youbet.com – have shaky fundamentals. “I wager on football games and usually bet in the neighborhood of $1,000 every weekend. White’s hesitancy suggests that the law may not be as solid as she thought when she indicted. But as more and more traditional firms become involved, the consumer will look for the brand name. In most cases, this means operating out of Australia. Even the precise number of online casinos is hard to calculate. to gain access to offshore sites,” says Sebastian Sinclair of Christiansen/Cummings. As Timothy L. college and professional sports.

The office of U.S. A Ninemsn spokesperson says that the site does not now offer online gambling and would not comment on future plans. The American Gaming Association, a trade group of gaming firms, maintains this view regarding online wagering: “The industry has been state-regulated and we think it should remain that way. For one thing, gambling from one’s home allows for a variety of techniques that would get one tossed out of a regular casino. In 1997, published reports put the total number of operating online casinos at 15. In January, MegaSports began taking Internet bets from Australians; it expects soon to allow global gambling on sporting events. Says Sinclair of Christiansen/Cummings: “You are going to feel more comfortable wagering with a Hilton than you will with Joe’s Casino.”

Internet Gambling Worldwide, Past and Future

That partnership leads many observers to believe that an online casino – using Microsoft platforms, of course – is in the works.

It’s not because they operate in any fundamentally different way. According to an analysis by Sue Schieder of Rolling Good Times, the online gambling magazine, the new legislation would not punish the casual bettor. And for sports bettors – who make up a majority of online gamblers, according to industry insiders – the ease of using cyberbookies can’t be beat. Anyone over the age of 18 can set up an account with Centrebet and place money on a variety of worldwide sporting events, including U.S. The Internet is presently unregulated and we support a federal law regulating Internet gambling.”

If such gamblers are not satisfied by options available to U.S. That makes for an Internet gambling environment too porous for U.S law enforcement to plug. Says Opel, “Bringing in the big names and established companies only adds credibility and visibility to what we’re already doing.”

Is it legal?

A few hurdles have to be cleared before such ventures can take off – beginning with the federal government. Casino games are available on a site or via downloadable software. has had little cooperation from any other nation. “The telephone is being used to facilitate these wagers and I believe the government has a solid case,” explains Tony Cabot, a Las Vegas-based gaming lawyer and author of a book on Internet gaming. Tony Cabot, an attorney specializing in gaming issues, says flatly, “When you see Kerry Packer get together with Microsoft, you have to believe there is a future for this type of wagering.”

Is Microsoft betting too?

The potential action is too compelling for even the largest tech tycoons to resist.

Similarly, the Las Vegas-based public company American Wagering, owner of Leroy’s Horse and Sports Place in Nevada, also operates a sports gambling site located in Canberra called MegaSports (www.megasports.com.au). (However, an HBO sports program attempted to locate one of these ventures in Aruba, and ultimately found that the genuine server was in a residential neighborhood in Bethlehem, Pa.) And the Caribbean nations would like to keep their haven status. Her higher-ups in the Justice Department appear to agree. … That may suggest that, as some legal observers have argued, the 1961 federal Wire Act is too old and too loosely written to prohibit online gambling. One of Microsoft (MSFT)’s less-publicized adventures is Ninemsn, an Australia-based Internet service to which Bill Gates has pledged tens of millions of dollars. Inland, for example, operates two Web sites in addition to the one bearing Kenny Rogers’ likeness: Casinoaustralia.com and Goodluckclub.com. Blackjack players can very easily count cards, or even consult odds charts; the Kennyrogerscasino.com site actually has a printable chart showing the best strategy for every possible hand of blackjack. That figure exaggerates the size of the Internet gambling sector, since some companies operate more than one online betting parlor. One Australian state, Queensland, is already awarding licenses for online gambling, and others may follow soon.

Take Interactive Gaming and Communications, another publicly traded company, located in Blue Bell, Pa. Bets generally range from $1 to as much as $300. But according to Inland CEO Don Speer, elusive profits need not be one of them. But following a 1997 indictment, the state of Missouri settled a suit against the company and its president, Michael Simone, for about $35,000. FBI agents placed bets on games – uniformly National Football League matches, although many other options are available – and followed up, whether they won or lost. Legislation tied to a particular technology may quickly become obsolete and require further amendment. “Think about what would happen to Wal-Mart (WMT), General Motors or Microsoft if these companies had to continue to dodge federal roadblocks to access their customers,” says Sebastian Sinclair, senior associate at Christiansen/Cummings Associates, a management consulting firm. The Justice Department doesn’t think that online casinos (including those that offer gambling on sports events) can legally conduct business in the United States, even if they are based in places where gambling is legal. In November 1998, for example, a division of Hilton Hotels acquired the company that runs Centrebet, a Web and telephone sports-wagering system based in Australia (www.centrebet.com.au). Like the Communications Act passed in the 1930s, technology has now leapfrogged the law. O’Brien observes in Bad Bet, his comprehensive account of America’s gambling industry, “Judging by dollars spent, gambling is now more popular in America than baseball, the movies and Disneyland combined.”

But the growing acceptance of online betting and the Internet’s inherent ability to shatter jurisdictions bring the inconsistencies of American gaming law to a boil.

One major barrier to profitability is the law. Why should it be legal to bet online on a horse race in another state, but not legal to bet on a basketball game in one’s own state? If Native American tribes can establish new, legal, physical places where adults can gamble, why shouldn’t someone be able to do the same in cyberspace?

The amount spent on Internet gambling is harder to calculate. citizens, it will be increasingly tempting for them to turn to locations abroad.

First, legislation should treat physical activity and cyberactivity in the same way. About 2,000 years later, Bugsy Siegel took the concept a step further and built the Flamingo Hotel in the desert town of Las Vegas. Nor would it prohibit online fantasy sports leagues, online lotteries in states where they are legal, or online betting on any live horse race where it would otherwise be lawful to wager. He claims Inland’s Internet gambling business went slightly into the black in March, on annualized revenues of about $1 million.

The prosecutors’ focus on sports bets appears to stem from legal precedent in the law they relied on. The Wire Act obviously has no mention of wagering over the Internet. Estimates range from $650 million to $1 billion a year, worldwide – a tiny fraction of the amount spent on more traditional formats.

Today, Americans spend some $600 billion a year on legal gambling, making it by far the favored national pastime.

The original version of Kyl’s bill failed most of these tests.

Second, legislation should be technology-neutral.

You might think that the prospect of competing against the likes of Microsoft would terrify a $20 million company like Inland. I’ve not had problems being paid.”

More than a year later, however, no cases have come to trial, and nine defendants have accepted plea bargains for state misdemeanor charges with no jail time

Online Gambling – The Games by Kenneth Bateman

There are countless books and online sites detailing game rules, strategies, etc., and it is suggested the player take advantage of these before attempting to play for money.

- Jacks or Better (most popular)

Roulette

. The shooter is a winner if point is made on follow up rolls. Shooter must roll a seven or eleven on the come-out, or first roll to win or establish a point. The following is an overview of some of the more popular online games, both multi-player and single player, and is not intended to be a tutorial. The slot machine’s reels are lined up on what is known as a payline. Blackjack is played against the house, and not other players.

As you would expect, games of pure chance, with no skills required by the player offer terrible odds. Slots are composed of spinning reels with an assortment of symbols on each reel. Among the many sub-categories of betting on roulette are: betting on which color the ball will land, betting on any one of the three columns on the roulette table, or betting on a specific set of twelve numbers.

Craps

Video Poker

Slots

Played against the casino’s software and not against other players.

Keno

- Joker’s Wild

Poker entails examining your hand and guessing what your opponents have. Bets are based upon which slot the ball will land when the wheel stops spinning. Among the most popular poker games to play online are:

The total value of two dealt cards must not exceed nine. If the symbols are not aligned in a winning combination, you lose.

- Deuces Wild

- Caribbean Poker

Also known as “twenty-one” as the cumulative total of the face value of the cards cannot exceed twenty one to win. In poker you are playing against other players, and not against the house. Bingo!

Slots are the most popular of the no skills required online casino games, and is a veritable cash cow for the casinos, with the odds firmly stacked in favor of the house. If a seven is rolled before point is made, the shooter loses. Face cards are valued at ten and aces at one or eleven at the players option. A two, three or twelve is an automatic loser on the come-out roll.

- Pineapple

Baccarat

Poker

Online casinos offer a multitude of gambling game options designed to appeal to the adventurous or the conservative player. Keno is one of those games, and is really the casino version of a lottery draw. In Keno a computer randomly selects numbers from a group of eighty and the player must guess which group will be chosen.

- Texas Hold ‘Em (by far the most popular)

<< Back to “Recreation And Sports” Index

Online Gambling – The Games

 by: Kenneth Bateman

- Omaha

Blackjack

A small, marble-like ball is placed into a spinning wheel that has red and black numbered slots. Low house edge is of advantage to the player.

Video

This article was posted on September 05, 2006

Literally thousands of betting options. The hand with the total value closest to nine wins. The right combination of symbols must be aligned with the payline in order to win. – Seven Card Stud

Eleven balls are drawn from a pool of thirty

Online gambling

buffalo.edu. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “USA v. § 5362.

^ Rose, Nelson. IDG. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “Cross-Border Betting: International Agreement on Protecting Local Residents”. (2006). Retrieved 2013-08-09.

^ “Yahoo Search Marketing guidelines, 2008″. ncpgambling.org. Retrieved 9 April 2014.

^ “About PlayNow.com”. BBC. Barney Frank (D-MA) introduced HR 2046, the Internet Gambling Regulation, Consumer Protection, and Enforcement Act, which would modify UIGEA by providing a provision for licensing of Internet gambling facilities by the Director of the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 22 March 2012.

^ United States General Accounting Office–”Internet Gambling: An Overview of the Issues”, December 2002, p. CSCW ’04 Proceedings of the 2004 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work, New York, 2004. copyrights and patents and a punitive measure. v. “had done nothing to abide by an earlier verdict that labeled some U.S. While as noted above, a United States Appeals court has stated that the Wire Act does not apply to non-sports betting, the Supreme Court of the United States previously refused to hear an appeal of the conviction of Jay Cohen, where lower courts held that the Wire Act does make it illegal to own a sports betting operation that offers such betting to United States citizens.[41]

Crimp

Double or nothing

Even money

Handicapping

High roller

Natural

Progressive jackpot

Shill

Table limit

Advanced Deposit Wagering

In August 2014 the National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) partnered with the Gambling Interity Services (GIS). Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ Richtel, Matt (2009-06-09). The bill was rewritten in the early 2000s to include the Internet in closed-circuit websites such as Betfair, as compared to simply phones or other forms of communication.[5]

Science

Contents

It has also been alleged that the largely unsupervised electronic funds transfers inherent in online gambling are being exploited by criminal interests to launder large amounts of money.[67] However, according to a US GAO study, “Banking and gaming regulatory officials did not view Internet gambling as being particularly susceptible to money laundering, especially when credit cards, which create a transaction record and are subject to relatively low transaction limits, were used for payment. Retrieved November 1, 2006.

^ “NCPG Launches Responsible Gaming Compliance Program for Internet Gaming Websites – NCPG”. Retrieved 4 April 2014.

^ “Manhattan U.S. Significantly, the 2010 prevalence survey notes that whilst the overall gambling figure had increased, the prevalence among men at 75% was not dissimilar to the amounts in two previous surveys in 1999 and 2007 which were 76% and 71% respectively. 2007-06-20. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ Ryan, Cy. 26 September 2014. Usually the wager is in the form of money.

Mobile gambling

Main article: Mobile gambling

The money for online gambling can come from credit card, electronic check, certified check, money order, wire transfer, or Bitcoin. The District Court invalidated this order. In 2006, the NTRA and various religious organizations lobbied in support of an act in Congress meant to limit online gambling. Most private online lotteries have stopped trading as governments have passed new laws giving themselves and their own lotteries greater protection. Critics of the bill argued that the exemption of horse racing wagering was an unfair loophole. maplecasino. 2267) where experts in the fields of online security and consumer safety testified that a regulatory framework for Internet gambling would protect consumers and ensure the integrity of Internet gambling financial transactions. Cigionline.org. Retrieved 21 March 2012.

^ “Online Wagering Under Attack in Congress”. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ Pfanner, Eric (2008-01-05). Casinoadvisor. At the UIGEA bill-signing ceremony, Bush did not mention the Internet gambling measure, which was supported by the National Football League but opposed by banking groups.[47]

Problem gambling

Main article: Problem gambling

Horse wagering using online methods across state lines is legal in several states in the United States. The passed bill only addressed banking issues. In contrast to ADW, credit shops allow wagers without advance funding; accounts are settled at month-end. “Web’s Poker Winners Face Delays in Collecting”. The Caribbean country won the preliminary ruling but WTO’s appeals body somewhat narrowed that favorable ruling in April 2005. laws that prohibit the acceptance of any financial instrument in connection with unlawful Internet gambling,[58][59] that is, Internet gambling that involves a “bet or wager” that is illegal under the laws of the state where the bet is made.[60] The indictment alleges that the companies used fraudulent methods to evade this law, for example, by disguising online gambling payments as purchases of merchandise, and by investing money in a local bank in return for the bank’s willingness to process online poker transactions.[58] The companies argue that poker is a game of skill rather than a game of chance, and therefore, online poker is not unlawful Internet gambling. Men were more likely than women (29-14%) and liberals more likely than conservatives (27-18%) to approve of changing the law to allow online betting.[56] In May 2012, FDU’s PublicMind conducted a follow up study which asked voters if they favored or opposed online gaming/gambling and “allowing New Jersey casinos to run betting games online, over the Internet.” The results showed that (31%) of voters favored while a sizable majority (58%) opposed the idea. 2011-10-14. Antigua has met British regulatory standards and has been added to the UK’s “white list”, which allows licensed Antiguan companies to advertise in the UK.[9]

The national government, which licenses Internet gambling entities, made a complaint to the World Trade Organization about the U.S. Other operators such as PokerStars, Full Tilt Poker, Bodog, and World Sports Exchange announced their intention to continue serving customers in the U.S.

Australia

Main article: Gambling in Australia

By 2001, the estimated number of people who had participated in online gambling rose to 8 million and growth would continue, despite the legislation and the lawsuit challenges which would continue to be received by online gambling.

On 28 June 2001 the Australian Government passed the Interactive Gambling Act 2001 (IGA). In December 2005, the Attorney General ordered all online gambling operations, online backgammon included, to close their businesses and at the same time commanded credit card companies to cease cooperating with online gambling websites.[30] In May 2007, the Attorney General had excluded the online backgammon website Play65 from the ruling, due to “the unique circumstances of the site’s activity”, allowing it to return to full activity in Israel.[31]

“Don’t live a little, live a Lotto”[4]

Horse racing betting

A study released by the University of Buffalo in November 2014 states that the explosion of online gambling in the United States in the past decade has not given rise to more people with gambling problems.[69]

In-play gambling

Player perception

Various forms of online gambling are legal and regulated in many countries, including some provinces in Canada, most members of the European Union and several nations in and around the Caribbean Sea.

CategoryCategory

Commons pageCommons

Wiktionary pageWiktionary

WikiProjectWikiProject

Strategies

Terminology

In 2002 Camelot decided to rebrand the National Lottery main draw after falling ticket sales. “House Panel Passes Measure to Legalize Some Internet Gambling”. Since then attitudes to gambling have changed and the law has failed to keep pace with rapid technological change. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ a b Coates, S. Lack of trust in payment systems and security are primary reasons for avoiding online gambling.[73] In an online survey of 10,838 online casino and poker players from over 96 countries, respondents reported a high level of mistrust of online gambling. Journal of Business Research (63). Players interact with other players through GUIs, which connect to the gambling site’s server in a non-transparent manner.[72] Players’ attitudes towards sites plays an import role in online purchases and customer loyalty. The appeals decision held that various state laws argued by Antigua and Barbuda to be contrary to the WTO agreements were not sufficiently discussed during the course of the proceedings to be properly assessed by the panel. This was the first time people could gamble, chat and interact with each other in an interactive online environment.

“Our gambling laws date back to the 1960s. To ascertain the position of Indian government, the Supreme Court of India sought the opinion of central government[26] in this regard but the same was declined by the central government.[27] This has made playing of online cards games like rummy, poker, etc. Federalreserve.gov. Attorney for $731 million without legally admitting guilt. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “Agencies Issue Final Rule to Implement Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act”. The government also asked the judge to approve a settlement with the third defendant, Absolute Poker.[62]

In July 2006, David Carruthers, the CEO of BetonSports, a company publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange, was detained in Texas while changing planes on his way from London to Costa Rica.[40] He and ten other individuals had been previously charged in a sealed indictment with violations of US federal laws relating to illegal gambling. “Betting laws of India”.

^ Supreme Court Seeks Centre’s Response On Online Rummy And Card Games In India

^ “Centre: Let SC decide if rummy, poker are gambling”. Jeff Ifrah, the lawyer for one of the account management companies affected, said that the government “has never seized an account that belongs to players who are engaged in what [Ifrah] would contend is a lawful act of playing peer-to-peer poker online.”[51]

List of casinos

Casino

Online casino

Cardroom

Racino

Riverboat casino

In April 2007, Rep. Infoworld. The IGA makes it an offence to provide an interactive gambling service to a customer physically present in Australia, but it is not an offence for Australian residents to play poker or casino games online. Law.themarker.com. Also, there were 291 remote gambling activity licences held by 225 operators at this date. “The History and State of Online Gambling in Canada”. The government said that the IGA was important to protect Australians from the harmful effects of gambling. doi:10.4309/jgi.2008.21.8.

^ Parliamentary Joint Select Committee on Gambling Reform (2011). Approximately half of the respondents had only participated in National Lottery products. 336), three online poker companies were indicted for violating U.S. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ Simon Bowers and agencies (2006-07-18). 5 November 2014. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “Reuters: WTO confirms U.S. Scheinberg, a federal criminal case against the founders of the three largest online poker companies, PokerStars, Full Tilt Poker and Cereus Poker Network (Absolute Poker/Ultimatebet), and a handful of their associates, which alleges that the defendants violated the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act and engaged in bank fraud and money laundering in order to process transfers to and from their customers.

Funds transfers

In 2004, the British Columbia Lottery Corporation launched Canada’s first legal online casino, PlayNow.com, which makes legal online gambling available to residents of British Columbia and Manitoba.[18] A survey conducted in 2007 showed that only about 2.3% of Canadians reported participating in online gambling.[19] However, in 2012, Manitoba Lotteries Minister Steve Ashton estimated that gamblers in Manitoba alone were spending $37 million a year at illegal online casinos.[20]Quebec’s lottery organization Loto-Quebec launched a similar service, known as Espacejeux.[21]

Online bingo is the game of bingo (US|non-US) played on the Internet.

2.6 Horse racing betting

2.7 Mobile gambling

2.8 In-play gambling

2.9 Advance-deposit wagering

The Bill identified updates to the laws already in place in the UK, and also created the UK Gambling Commission to take over from the Gambling Board. Bush. Government-controlled lotteries now offer their games online.

UK National Lottery

History

Gambling has become one of the most popular and lucrative businesses present on the Internet. This is the first time money was seized from individual players as compared to the gaming company. The GIS will evaluate these recently regulated internet gambling operators in order to ensure they comply with NCPG’s internet Responsible Gambling Standards.[68]

The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit ruled[35] in November 2002 that the Federal Wire Act prohibits electronic transmission of information for sports betting across telecommunications lines but affirmed a lower court ruling[36] that the Wire Act “‘in plain language’ does not prohibit Internet gambling on a game of chance.” But the federal Department of Justice continues, publicly, to take the position that the Wire Act covers all forms of gambling.[37]

Lotteries

Israel

“Gambling in which persons participate by the use of remote communication”

See also

Gaming control board

References

Mathematics

On November 22, 2010, the New Jersey state Senate became the first such US body to pass a bill (S490) expressly legalizing certain forms of online gambling. 370-73.

^ Mccole, Patrick (2010). residents.[8]

The Internet has made way for new types of gambling to form online. NYTimes. Uk.reuters.com. Wto.org. Retrieved 2016-07-14.

^ Kollewe, Julia (2006-09-30). The New York Times. The Supreme Court dismissed an appeal in 2013, finding that the police do not have legal authority to issue such orders. Retrieved 13 April 2016.

^ Jackson, Charlotte. These include limiting amounts that can be bet or deposited over a designated period of time, self-assessment tests for gambling problems, and warning signs of prolonged pay or high expenditure.[71] RGFs are usually opt in features for players and are required by certain jursidictions. The Bill set out its licensing objectives, which are as follows:

Online poker tables commonly offer Texas hold ‘em, Omaha, Seven-card stud, razz, HORSE and other game types in both tournament and Cash game structures. 20 November 2003. 37, PDF file

^ a b c d Gainsbury, S., Park, J., Suhonen, N. Firstamendment.com. The Straits Times. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “Avast, me hearties! Antigua to legally pirate US copyrighted works”. “Online Poker Legislation – The SAFE Port Act and UIGEA of 2006May 29, 2012 10:56 AM”.

^ “Bush signs port security bill”. Jeffrey (2008-11-13). N.J. In stark contrast to the USA, sports betting online is also completely legal in Australia, with many state government licensed sportsbooks in operation, such as Centrebet, Sportingbet & Betfair.

In 2014, the Singapore parliament tabled the Remote Gambling Bill as a counter-measure against online gambling locally,[33] while parliamentary member Denise Phua spoke against legalised gambling in Singapore.[34]

v

t

e

3 Funds transfers

4 Legal status

4.1 Antigua and Barbuda

4.2 Australia

4.3 Canada

4.4 France

4.5 Germany

4.6 India

4.7 Israel

4.8 Russia

4.9 Singapore

4.10 United Kingdom

4.11 United States

4.11.1 Remote gambling

1 History

2 Forms

2.1 Poker

2.2 Casinos

2.3 Sports betting

2.4 Bingo

2.5 Lotteries

2.5.1 UK National Lottery

In 2008, H2 Gambling Capital estimates worldwide online gambling revenue at $21 billion.[1]

Blackjack

Craps

Pai gow

Pai gow poker

Roulette

This would be using the internet, the telephone, radio, television of any other device used for communication. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ Smith, R. Retrieved 8 October 2014.

^ In Re:MasterCard, US Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals (pdf), November 20, 2002

^ “In Re: MasterCard, United States District Court Eastern District of Louisiana ruling”. Any operator must have a separate licence for remote gambling and non-remote gambling. Bloomberg.com. “Gambling and the Law: A Law Professor Looks at Poker’s Black Friday”. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ 20.05.2007 ???: ??? ????? ???? ????? (2007-05-20). Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ (Russian) Russian federal law “On state regulation of organization and management of gambling and changes to related legislation”, December 29, 2006 [1], ch.5

^ Lim, Yan Liang (9 September 2014). US District Court of Missiourie. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “Antigua demands trade sanctions”. Las Vegas Sun. A benefit of live in-play gambling is that there are much more markets. In its first seventeen years it has created over 2,800 millionaires.[3]

In 2000, the first Australian Federal Government passed the Interactive Gambling Moratorium Act, making it illegal for any online casino not licensed and operating before May 2000 to operate. London: The Guardian. Around 70% of UK adults play the National Lottery regularly, making the average annual sales over £5 billion apart from the year 2000-01 where sales dropped just below that. However, the appeals panel also ruled that the Wire Act and two other federal statutes prohibiting the provision of gambling services from Antigua to the United States violated the WTO’s General Agreement on Trade in Services. “NJ lawmakers pass smaller casinos bill”. A UK government-funded review of previous research[66] noted a small scale patient survey leading to press reports claiming that 75% of people who gamble online are “problem” or “pathological” gamblers, compared to just 20% of people who visit legitimate land-based casinos.[67]

The Israel gambling law (Israeli Penal Law 5737 – 1977) does not refer specifically to online gambling (land based gambling and playing games of chances is prohibited except in the cases of the Israel Lottery and the Israeli Commission for Sports Gambling). “Manitoba to Launch Online Gambling”. Budget minister Eric Woerth stated the French gambling market would expand to adapt to “Internet reality.” He further stated “Rather than banning 25,000 websites, we’d rather give licenses to those who will respect public and social order.”[22]Betting exchanges, however, will remain illegal under the new plans.. “Legalized Sports Betting in New Jersey – FDU PublicMind – April 20, 2009″. The court found that SCI had sufficient contact with Canada to be prosecuted under its criminal code. (10 Cr. The Act was signed into law on October 13, 2006, by President George W. The bill would legalize and regulate online poker and some other forms of online gambling.[52][53]

Bingo

Main article: Online bingo

On June 19, 2007, Antigua and Barbuda filed a claim with the WTO for USD $3.4 billion in trade sanctions against the United States, and in particular, the ability for the country to suspend its enforcement of U.S. These games are played against the “house” which makes money because the odds are in its favor.

In response to Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act, a number of online gambling operators including PartyGaming, Bwin, Cassava Enterprises, and Sportingbet announced that real-money gambling operations would be suspended for U.S. Washington Post. In 2007 the UK gambling commission stated that the gambling industry achieved a turnover of over £84 billion according to the UK Gambling Commission. Culture.gov.uk. legally risky.[28]

Russia

Main article: Gambling in Russia

In September 2006, Sportingbet reported that its chairman, Peter Dicks, was detained in New York City on a Louisiana warrant while traveling in the United States on business unrelated to online gaming.[44] Louisiana is one of the few states that has a specific law prohibiting gambling online. Reuters.

On April 15, 2011, in U. Retrieved 9 September 2015.

^ “Expansion of gambling does not lead to more problem gamblers, study finds”. 2267 by a vote of 41-22-1. The Indian Express. “New Rules For Banks Target Online Gambling”. 2012-01-17. Archived from the original on 2013-08-09. For example, Denmark Germany, and Spain operators must provide deposit limits, but Australian operators only have to do so voluntarily.[71] A sample of online poker players from Sweden indicated that Responsible Gaming Features increase their trust of a company and reduce their anxiety about winning from other players.[75] However, in jurisdictions that mandate Responsible Gambling Features, only a small percentage of customers use them. loss in Internet gambling case”. “Sports Betting in Canada” (PDF). Racetrack owners, horse trainers and state governments sometimes receive a share of ADW revenues.

Asian handicap

Due Column betting

Labouchère system

Martingale

Gaming mathematics

Mathematics of bookmaking

Poker probability

Forms

Germany

Singapore

On March 30, 2007, the WTO confirmed that the U.S. Dow Jones Network. The new legislation meant Lasseter’s Online became the only online casino able to legally operate in Australia; however, they cannot take bets from Australian citizens.[1]

There are a large number of online casinos in which people can play casino games such as roulette, blackjack, pachinko, baccarat and many others. Walters, Esquire, lawyer, partner in Weston, Garrou, DeWitt & Walters”. States tend to operate on their own authority.[25]

The German Interstate Treaty on gaming, which came into force on January 1, 2008, banned all forms of online gaming and betting in the country, with the exception of wagers on horse racing. copyrights as compensation for the country’s actions; the country planned to form “a statutory body to own, manage and operate the ultimate platform to be created for the monetisation or other exploitation of the suspension of American intellectual property rights”.[12][13][14]

Mobile gambling refers to playing games of chance or skill for money by using a remote device such as a tablet computer, smartphone or a mobile phone with a wireless Internet connection.

In March 2011, the UK online gambling industry employed 6,077 full-time employees. Retrieved 2009-06-29.

^ “House Panel Votes To Approve Bill Legalizing Online Gambling”. IDG. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “”Freedom to market”, by Lawrence G. Voters Wary of Internet Gambling (press release)

^ a b “3 Major Online Poker Companies Targeted in Federal Crackdown”. 2007-03-30. The offense applies to all interactive gambling service providers, whether based in Australia or offshore, whether Australian or foreign owned. Quad-Cities Online. Retrieved 29 September 2014.

^ Clark, Andrew; Bowers, Simon (2006-09-09). Any person under 18 will not be allowed to gamble and it is an offence to invite or permit anyone under the age of 18 years to gamble.

Casino game

List of bets

Online gambling legal issues in India are complicated in nature as Gambling in India is regulated by different states laws and online gambling is a central subject. Associated Press. London: News.independent.co.uk. Help.yahoo.com. 1953 (Operation of an Illegal Gambling Business).[42] Carruthers is currently under house arrest on a one million dollar bail bond.[43]

In June 2009, the U.S. 28, PDF file

^ Dean, Andrew (14 August 2014). Most British consumer online gambling activity is on overseas regulated websites, and estimates place the UK consumer market for online gambling at £1.9 billion for 2010. S. Normally, gamblers upload funds to the online gambling company, make bets or play the games that it offers, and then cash out any winnings. “FBI detains online betting boss on airport runway”. Attorney’s Office, Southern District of New York. § 5363.

^ See 31 U.S.C. Pub.bna.com. Publicmind.fdu.edu. The licence must state what form the remote gambling would come in and any conditions appropriate to each operator. 26 January 2014. A report published by Frost & Sullivan revealed that online gambling revenues had exceeded $830 million in 1998 alone. Journal of Gambling Issues (21). Gambling is now a diverse, vibrant and innovative industry and a popular leisure activity enjoyed in many forms by millions of people. April 15, 2011.

^ See 31 U.S.C. Schleswig-Holstein is the only German state that has already come up with their own gambling bill allowing gambling online. July 11, 2006. International Herald Tribune. It has since moved its operations overseas.[17]

A study by the UK Gambling Commission, the “British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010″, found that approximately 0.9% of the adult population had problem gambling issues, more than shown in a previous study in 2007. Donath, Judith. Players play against each other rather than the “house”, with the card room making its money through “rake” and through tournament fees.

On December 3, 2009, the House Financial Services Committee held a hearing on UIGEA and Rep. Casino City TImes. Internet gambling restrictions as illegal.”[11]

Retrieved from “https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Online_gambling&oldid=736271275″

The BetOnSports indictment alleged violations of at least nine different federal statutes, including 18 USC Sec. Networkworld. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ Dilov-Schultheis, Diane. Usatoday.com. Several similar bills have been introduced since then in the House and Senate.

Money laundering

In-play gambling is a feature on many online sports betting websites that allows the user to bet while the event is in progress. However, the prevalence among women for 2010 was 71%, which was higher than 68% in 1999 and 65% in 2007.[64]

1996 saw the establishment of the Kahnawake Gaming Commission, which regulated online gaming activity from the Mohawk Territory of Kahnawake and issues gaming licences to many of the world’s online casinos and poker rooms.[1] This is an attempt to keep the operations of licensed online gambling organisations fair and transparent.

Other countries

In the late 1990s, online gambling gained popularity. Interactive and online gambling and gambling advertising. The name National Lottery was kept as the general name for the organisation and the main draw was renamed Lotto. Likewise, credit card and gaming industry officials did not believe Internet gambling posed any particular risks in terms of money laundering.”[70]

Legal status

Antigua and Barbuda

On March 5, 2009, France proposed new laws to regulate and tax Internet gambling. The U.S. If Only Singaporeans Stopped to Think. the Guardian. The Associated Press. For example, in Association football a user could bet on which player will receive the next Yellow card, or which team will be awarded the next corner kick.[6]

The Bill also set out guidelines stating that gambling will be unlawful in the UK unless granted a licence, permit or registration. The first online lotteries were run by private individuals or companies and licensed to operate by small countries. “Hiding and revealing in online poker games”.

^ “Supper with Denise Phua”. 1969-12-31. government’s actions to impede online gaming. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “WTO ruling”. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

Games

Online gambling industry statistics

UK

In the United States in 1999 the National Gambling Impact Study stated “the high-speed instant gratification of Internet games and the high level of privacy they offer may exacerbate problem and pathological gambling”. The bill was passed with a 29-5 majority. “The Marker: Backgammon Site Play65 Returns its Activity in Israel”. “Rebranding of ‘tired Lottery aims to halt slide in ticket sales”. Gamblingandthelaw.com. “EU moves toward ruling on German gambling law”. In the same year the first online poker rooms were introduced.[1] Soon after in 1999, the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act was introduced, meaning a company could not offer any online gambling product to any U.S citizen. “Why Swedish people play online poker and factors that can increase or decrease trust in poker web sites: A qualitative investigation”. Boston.com. Camelot Group. Retrieved 10 April 2014.

^ Smith, Garry. This was secured with software developed by CryptoLogic, an online security software company. The law needs to reflect that.”

Many of the companies operating out of the island nation of Antigua and Barbuda are publicly traded on various stock exchanges, specifically the London Stock Exchange. On January 28, 2013, the WTO authorized the ability for Antigua and Bermuda to monetize and exploit U.S. Internet gambling websites had increased from just 15 websites in 1996, to 200 websites in 1997. 2011-09-14. Gamblers can often fund gambling accounts by credit card or debit card, and cash out winnings directly back to the card; most U.S. The government responded by proposing a bill that will authorize such orders, referring to child pornography, drug trafficking and online gambling websites.

Advance-deposit wagering (ADW) is a form of gambling on the outcome of horse races in which the bettor must fund his or her account before being allowed to place bets. Gamblingandthelaw.com. Freedavidcarruthers.com. Retrieved 4 April 2014.

^ William R. Retrieved 9 April 2014.

^ Crowne, Emir. Offences for breaching remote gambling guidelines are the same as breaching non-remote gambling guidelines.[63]

5 Online gambling industry statistics

5.1 UK

Most lotteries are run by governments and are heavily protected from competition due to their ability to generate large taxable cash flows. 2009-11-06. Attorney for the Southern District of New York filed United States v. In Australia, 0.8% used the deposit limit on SportsBet and 6% used deposit loss limits on BetFair Australia.[76]

Venues

Ensuring no link between gambling and crime or disorder

Ensuring that gambling is conducted fairly and openly

Protecting children and vulnerable adults from harm or exploitation

In 2011, the U.S. “US Supreme Court refuses to hear Jay Cohen appeal”. At the end of the month, New York dismissed the Louisiana warrant.[45]

Quads A.svg

On 3 September 2015, Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) issued a Circular titled “Clarification on Tax Compliance for Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets” under the black money act which directs the online poker players in the country to declare their money transactions on foreign poker sites through the e-wallets and virtual cards.[29]

Casinos

Main article: Online casino

Poker

Main article: Online poker

Sports betting

Main article: Sports betting

Gambling

Miscellaneous

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Online gambling, also known as Internet gambling, is a general term for gambling using the Internet.

Advance-deposit wagering

Main article: Advance-deposit wagering

Sports betting is the activity of predicting sports results and placing a wager on the outcome. Retrieved 9 September 2015.

^ Online Rummy And Online Poker Remains Legally Risky In India

^ Clarification on Tax Compliance for Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets

^ “Internet Law: The Israeli Police Orders Gambling Websites to Shut Down”. Retrieved 19 March 2012.

^ “Online gambling statistics 2006/2007″ (PDF). Ibls.com. SCI was fined $100,000 and forfeited nearly $4 million in profits. Kennedy. Safe transactions became viable and led to the first online casinos in 1994.[1]

4.12 Other countries

In April 2004 Google and Yahoo!, the two largest Internet search engines, announced that they were removing online gambling advertising from their sites. Critics of the Justice Department’s move say that it has no legal basis for pressuring companies to remove advertisements and that the advertisements are protected by the First Amendment.[38] In April 2005, Yahoo! has instigated a restrictive policy about gambling ads.[39]

In 2003 Tessa Jowell, then Culture Secretary suggested a change in the British Gambling laws to keep up with advances in technology.

The UK National Lottery started in 1994 and is operated by the Camelot Group. PartyGaming’s stock dropped by 60% following its announcement. ADW is often conducted online or by phone. 2006-10-13. The move followed a United States Department of Justice announcement that, in what some say is a contradiction of the Appeals Court ruling, the Wire Act relating to telephone betting applies to all forms of Internet gambling, and that any advertising of such gambling “may” be deemed as aiding and abetting. Computers in Human Behavior.

^ Golder, Scott. The bill allows bets to be taken by in-State companies on poker games, casino games and slots but excludes sports betting, although it allows for the latter to be proposed, voted on and potentially regulated separately in due course.[54] However, a Fairleigh Dickinson University PublicMind poll in April 2009 showed only 26% of New Jersey voters approved of online sports-betting.[55] On a national level, two-thirds (67%) of voters polled by PublicMind in March 2010 opposed changing the law to allow online betting. The European Gaming & Betting Association turned to the European Commission with the request to take action against the German legislation, because such stringent legislation violated EU rules.[23] In 2010, the European Court of Justice ruled that the monopolised gambling industry in Germany has to be liberalised. “Online Gambling Meets Bitcoin”. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ Shriver, Roger. customers. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ http://publicmind.fdu.edu/casino/final.pdf

^ Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind, (May 14, 2012). A number that has declined since 2008 where 8,918 full-time employees were in employment within the industry. On July 28, 2010, the committee passed H.R. “Trust Considerations on Attitudes Towards Online Purchasing: The Moderating Effect of Privacy and Security Concerns”. Retrieved 2 August 2012.

^ “Gambling law updated in the UK for the internet”. London: The Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2014.

^ “The Use of the Internet for Gaming” (PDF). Another group of interviews conducted by the Gambling Commission.[65]

Bank

Big Six wheel

Bingo

Bola tangkas

Dice games

Faro

Keno

Lottery

Mahjong

Poker

Property of a Lady

Rummy

Scratchcard

Slot machines

Tables (board game)

Video poker

While the criminal code of Canada does not prohibit online gambling, it does prohibit any type of gambling at an establishment not owned or licensed by a provincial government.[15] Not withstanding this fact, there are an estimated 1,200 to 1,400 offshore websites that make casino type games and other gambling activities available to Canadians.[16] For online gambling operations within Canada’s borders, the Canadian authorities are willing to prosecute, but as of this date, have only done so once, when British Columbia prosecuted Starnet Communications International (“SCI”), a Delaware corporation, run by residents of Vancouver, where one of the company’s servers was located. Retrieved 29 September 2014.

^ “David Carruthers finally released today on million dollar bail”. Improvements in technology have changed betting habits just as video lottery terminals, keno and scratchcards changed the gambling industry in the early 20th century.

Due to the virtual nature of online gambling, it is hard for players to verify the authenticity of sites they are using.[71] Unlike in physical casinos, randomness and deck shuffling cannot be verified by visual means. Peter Woolley, Director of the PublicMind commented on the results: “Online gambling may be a good bet for new state revenue, but lots of voters don’t think it’s a good bet for New Jersey households.”[57]

Remote gambling

In 1994, Antigua and Barbuda passed the Free Trade & Processing Act, allowing licences to be granted to organisations applying to open online casinos.[1] Before online casinos, the first fully functional gambling software was developed by Microgaming, an Isle of Man-based software company. Retrieved 2014-11-10.

^ “In-play betting is biggest growth area in sports gambling”. (Approximately three times the size of the British regulated market). Although the United States convinced the appeals panel that these laws were “necessary” to protect public health and morals, the asserted United States defense on these grounds was ultimately rejected because its laws relating to remote gambling on horse-racing were not applied equally to foreign and domestic online betting companies, and thus the United States could not establish that its laws were non-discriminatory.[10]

India

Main article: Online Gambling In India

Canada

The Bill defined remote gambling as,

Table game

Baccarat

Mini-Baccarat

6 Problem gambling

7 Money laundering

8 Player perception

9 See also

10 References

Russian legislation, enacted in December 2006, prohibits online gambling altogether (as well as any gambling relying on telecommunications technology).[32]

The regulation called for in the UIGEA were issued in November 2008.[48][49] The regulation does not define “unlawful Internet gambling.”[50]

United Kingdom

Main article: Gambling in the United Kingdom

^ a b c d e f g “Internet Gambling Developments in International Jurisdictions: Insights for Indian Nations” (PDF). Another act is the Public Gaming Act of 1867. This did not pass.[1] Multiplayer online gambling was also introduced in 1999. The Times. From 2012, casino operators can apply for an online gambling license in this state.[24]

United States

Main article: Gambling in the United States

Horse racing betting comprises a significant percentage of online gambling wagers and all major Internet bookmakers, betting exchanges, and sports books offer a wide variety of horse racing betting markets.

In the UK, between 2009 and 2010, 4% of adults had bet online.[64] Between April 2010 and March 2011, online gambling which is regulated by the UK Gambling Commission yielded £660.74 million, a 5% increase on the previous year. Retrieved 21 March 2012.

^ a b UK Gambling Commission – British Gambling Prevalence Survey (pdf), 2010

^ a b UK Gambling Commission – Industry Statistics (pdf), 2011

^ “Department for Culture Media and Sport: A Literature Review and Survey of Statistical Sources on Remote Gambling”. Online casinos ‘used to launder cash’. This is partly due to the wide range of gambling options that are available to facilitate many different types of people.[2]

In 2012, the Tel Aviv Police Commander ordered local ISPs to block access to several online gambling sites. There are other legal problems with the government’s case; and, interestingly, the indictments did not mention the Wire Act.[61] On July 31, 2012, it was announced that two of the three companies indicted for money laundering and forfeiture settled with the Manhattan U.S. “Maintaining Provincial Monopolies: The Legality of Online Gambling Sites in Canada”. Retrieved 4 April 2014.

^ Dodge, Catherine (2010-07-29). “Bill tabled to restrict online gambling in S’pore”. Scheinberg et al. Other acts/legislations are silent with respect to online gambling/online gaming in India. The advertising campaign for the new Lotto cost £72 million which included ten television advertisements featuring Scottish comedian Billy Connolly and one of the largest ever poster campaigns. 91.5% believed that reputable third party reports on randomness and payouts were important to gain their trust.[71] However, contrasting research shows that seals-of-approval granted by these third parties does not have a strong influence on purchasing behavior, nor are customers usually aware of their existence.[74]

Responsible Gambling Features (RGFs) are features that online gambling sites use to promote responsible behavior and harm minimization. The highest prevalence of problem gambling was found among those who participated in playing Poker at a pub or club (20.3%), Dog races (19.2%) and online slot machine style or instant win games (17%). “Sportingbet arrest threatens internet gambling”. Attorney Announces $731 Million Settlement Of Money Laundering And Forfeiture Complaint With Pokerstars And Full Tilt Poker”. Retrieved 9 April 2014.

^ Peppin, Joan. Retrieved 21 August 2014.

^ “Rethinking the Offshore: Antigua’s Internet Gambling Challenge”. BETONSPORTS PLC” (PDF). The new brand and name had the slogan:

Also in September 2006, just before adjourning for the midterm elections, both the House of Representatives and Senate passed the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 (as a section of the unrelated SAFE Port Act) to make transactions from banks or similar institutions to online gambling sites illegal.[46] This differed from a previous bill passed only by the House that expanded the scope of the Wire Act. Consumer attitudes towards internet gambling: perceptions of responsible gaming policies, consumer protection, and regulation of online gambling sites. Additionally the report noted a 15% increase in overall gambling since 2007, from a rate of 58% in 2007 to 73% in 2010. In response, the NTRA responded that the exemption was “a recognition of existing federal law”, not a new development. The most recent law to address gambling online was the Federal Information Technology Rules where such illegal activities may be blocked by Internet providers within India. Fox News. Retrieved 19 March 2016.

^ “French gambling plan seeks to stem illegal betting”. Department of Justice seized over $34 million belonging to over 27,000 accounts in the Southern District of New York Action Against Online Poker Players. Retrieved 9 September 2015.

^ United States General Accounting Office–”Internet Gambling: An Overview of the Issues”, December 2002, p. “The Independent: Former gambling chief Dicks is freed in US”. Quarterly Journal of Electronic Commerce, (3).

^ Wood, Richard (2008). Retrieved 21 March 2012.

^ Bowcott, Owen (2002-04-30). Interstate wagering on horse racing was first made legal under the Interstate Horseracing Act written in the 1970s. banks, however, prohibit the use of their cards for the purpose of Internet gambling, and attempts by Americans to use credit cards at Internet gambling sites are usually rejected.[7] A number of electronic money services offer accounts with which online gambling can be funded; however, many top fund-transfer sites such as FirePay, Neteller & Moneybookers have discontinued service for U.S. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2009.02.025 – via Research Gate.

^ Head, Milena; Hassanein, Khaled (2002). During this time period, betting turned over a substantial proportion of this amount, turning over £13,081.44 million, with bingo and casino turning over £26.75 million and £347.87 million respectively.[65]

France

Main article: Gambling in France

Online gambling is illegal in the state of Maharashtra under the “Bombay Wager Act”. Frank’s Internet Gambling Regulation, Consumer Protection, and Enforcement Act of 2009 (H.R. In the year to March 2011, 5000 adults were surveyed and reported that 11.2% of them had participated in at least one form of remote gambling in the previous four weeks. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “German State passes online gambling legislation”. Retrieved 9 April 2014.

^ “Quebec plan to block gambling sites draws cries of censorship”. Retrieved 14 March 2012.

^ “Our UK National Lottery Operation”. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ “New Internet Gaming Regulations – Part I, II”. “Trust in e-Commerce: Evaluating the Impact of Third-Party Seals”. Retrieved 13 April 2016.

^ “Antigua and Barbuda: The new Pirate Bay?”. The British regulated online gambling sector was worth a 12% market share of the British regulated gambling industry within the same time period. Retrieved 2011-11-26.

^ Parry, Wayne (2010-11-22). Three of the sectors within online gambling are betting, bingo and casino which between them turned over £13,456.07 million between April 2010 and March 2011. It outlined the penalty for being in breach of these guidelines, that being a maximum of six months in prison, a fine, or both for each offence. The Commission will have the power to prosecute any parties in breach of the guidelines set out by the bill and will be tasked with regulating any codes of practice they set forward